Learning is an ongoing process, but when the same learning cannot be accomplished, it’s a big hindrance to one’s life. Yes, let us all be aware of the term dyslexia-A learning disability / disorder. There is an old saying — “It’s no disgrace to be poor, but it’s mighty inconvenient. ” The same could be said of dyslexia. It is nothing to be ashamed of, but it does complicate life. While there is no doubt that many people with dyslexia have special gifts, and some of the common traits of dyslexia can be very useful, nevertheless in the world where literacy is important, dyslexia is a definite inconvenience. There is no denying that — but it is not the end of the world either. It is very important for your child that you find a balance when dealing with the subject. However, dyslexia is a language-based learning disability.
Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, which result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading. Students with dyslexia usually experience difficulties with other language skills such as spelling, writing, and pronouncing words. Dyslexia affects individuals throughout their lives; however, its impact can change at different stages in a person’s life. It is referred to as a learning disability because dyslexia can make it very difficult for a student to succeed academically in the typical instructional environment, and in its more severe forms, will qualify a student for special education, special accommodations, or extra support services.
Causes of Dyslexia
The exact causes of dyslexia are still not completely clear, but anatomical and brain imagery studies show differences in the way the brain of a dyslexic person develops and functions. Moreover, most people with dyslexia have been found to have problems with identifying the separate speech sounds within a word and/or learning how letters represent those sounds, a key factor in their reading difficulties. Dyslexia is not due to either lack of intelligence or desire to learn; with appropriate teaching methods, dyslexics can learn successfully.
Symptoms of Dyslexia
> Reversing letters and/or numbers when writing
> Leaving letters out of words or leaving words out of sentences
> Putting words in the wrong order in sentences
> Poor articulation of speech (continuing after 3rd grade)
> Difficulty reading and spelling
> Can’t sound out new words
> Becomes visibly tired after reading/writing tasks
> Problems learning cursive writing
> Not establishing hand dominance until age 8 or later
> Problems distinguishing left from right
> Difficulty with simple math calculations
> Completing written work more slowly or inaccurately than peers
> Enjoys being read to, but does not enjoy reading
> Trouble learning to tell time on a clock with hands
> Continued problems with visual and auditory processing
Treatment for Dyslexia
Dyslexia is a life-long condition. With proper help, many people with dyslexia can learn to read and write well. Early identification and treatment is the key to helping dyslexics achieve in school and in life. Most people with dyslexia need help from a teacher, tutor, or therapist specially trained in using a multisensory, structured language approach. It is important for these individuals to be taught by a systematic and explicit method that involves several senses (hearing, seeing, touching) at the same time. Many individuals with dyslexia need one-on-one help so that they can move forward at their own pace. In addition, students with dyslexia often need a great deal of structured practice and immediate, corrective feedback to develop automatic word recognition skills. For students with dyslexia, it is helpful if their outside academic therapists work closely with classroom teachers.
Students may also need help with emotional issues that sometimes arise as a consequence of difficulties in school. Mental health specialists can help students cope with their struggles. Many famous people are dyslexic including Tom Cruise, Cher, Whoopi Goldberg, Orlando Bloom, Jay Leno and Robin Williams. Many people with dyslexia are extremely gifted and talented individuals! So, friends make hay while the sun shines. sooner the diagnosis, better the life.