We’re sure you’ve heard of a Copper T. It is an Intrauterine device (IUD) which helps prevent pregnancy. It is a small, flexible device made of soft plastic and copper. It can be easily inserted into the uterus by a doctor. Although Copper T has its own benefits, it is not recommended for everybody.

An intrauterine device is a small, birth control device that is inserted into a woman’s uterus to avoid pregnancy. It acts for a longer period of time and is reversible.

Basically, there are two types of IUD’s, Copper T being one of them.

1. Hormonal IUD

The hormonal IUD releases levonorgestrel, which is a form of the hormone progestin. Progestin is a hormone which prevents the release of eggs during the menstrual cycle to prevent fertilisation. The hormonal IUD is more effective than the copper T IUD.

2. Copper-T IUD

It is the most commonly used IUD. A copper wire is wound around the stem of the T-shaped device. The copper IUD can stay in place for up to 10 years. It is considered to be a highly effective form of contraception.

How does it work?

All the intrauterine devices prevent fertilisation of the egg mainly by damaging or killing the sperm. IUDs also affect the uterine lining. As a result, even if the egg is fertilised, it won’t be able to get implanted in the uterine wall and hence, won’t be able to grow.

The hormonal IUD and the copper T IUD work in different ways. The copper T is a T-shaped plastic around which copper wire is wrapped. Copper, being a spermicide, is toxic to sperm. It also makes the uterus and the fallopian tube produce a fluid that helps kill them. The fluid contains white blood cells, copper ions and certain enzymes. There are strings attached to the device as well, which help in checking whether the device is in the correct position or not.

Advantages of Copper T

Copper T is a highly effective method of contraception. It does not deal with any hormones or medicines and lasts for longer periods of time, so you don’t have to worry about protection every time you decide to have sex. Also, as this method is reversible, you can remove the device whenever you want to conceive. Its effects are over as soon as it is out of the uterus. It is relatively cheaper than other forms of contraception.

Side effects of copper T

Copper T does not protect from Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD). In a few cases, it has been seen that women suffer from pain after inserting the device. Also, in their periods, they have more bleeding than usual and cramping, although it has been seen to reduce over time. Sometimes the copper T might move out of place, but that can be detected with the help of the strings attached to the device. Your gynac will check and do whatever is necessary, if by chance the device displaces. 

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