Ah, rains. It’s when all of us feel like kicking back, having a cup of hot tea or coffee, enjoy some hot snacks and curl up on the sofa with a book. The pitter-patter of the raindrops is strangely calming, and nothing can ruin the perfect moment created by the perfect weather.
Well, nothing except all of the diseases we can possibly catch during the monsoon. All fun and relaxation plans go for a toss when our body decides to get friendly with all the viruses, insects and bacteria that are out to get you. And you can’t stop going outdoors or stop sending your kids to school just because it’s raining!
Monsoon also brings with it the risk of diseases that arise due to a variety of reasons like unhygienic conditions or not following basic preventive measures. Most of the monsoon diseases go undiagnosed till later stages. This is exactly why early diagnosis is so vital! Here we’ve listed some of the most common diseases during monsoon and how to prevent them:
1. Influenza (Cold and Flu):
Common cold might not be as fatal as some of the other diseases out there, but it is definitely one of the most annoying and irritating illnesses to happen to you. Symptoms include runny or irritable nose, body ache, throat infection, soreness and fever.
The best way to prevent common cold and flu is to have a well-cooked, healthy diet and eat only after ensuring that the food is hygienic. Avoid contact with any person who already has a cold/flu.
A deadly bacterial disease which is common and spreads during monsoon is cholera. It is caused by consuming contaminated food and water. Symptoms of cholera include severe diarrhoea with watery stools, vomiting with dehydration and muscle cramps.
The only way to prevent cholera is by drinking clean water, ensuring better sanitation and perfect hygiene.
One of the most common waterborne diseases caused by a bacteria called Salmonella Typhi, typhoid is contracted by consuming contaminated food or drinking food or water contaminated with the faeces of an infected person. Symptoms of this include prolonged high fever, severe abdominal pain, headache and vomit.
To prevent this you must ensure drinking clean water, better sanitation and better handwashing.
This is a very common disease that is widely spread by tiger mosquitoes carrying the virus. The mosquitoes usually bite at dawn or in the morning. Dengue is also known as Break Bone Fever.
Symptoms include severe joint and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, headache, fever, exhaustion and rash. Preventive measures are mentioned at the end.
One of the most common diseases in the monsoon, malaria is a mosquito-borne disease too, caused by a certain species of mosquitoes breeding in dirty water. The most dangerous type of malaria is Cerebral malaria, and other forms include P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae.
The symptoms of malaria include fever, body ache, chills and sweating. If left untreated, it can lead to complications like jaundice, severe anaemia or even liver and kidney failure. Click here to know more about the telling signs of malaria.
Preventive measures for malaria include taking an antimalarial drug as a precautionary measure in mosquito-prone areas. Preventive measures are mentioned at the end.
Gastroenteritis is a common disease during the monsoon season, along with food poisoning. The high humidity helps the growth of the disease-causing bacteria. The symptoms of gastroenteritis include stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea. Fever can develop and one may feel a sense of malaise and weakness through the course of the illness.
To prevent this disease, avoid eating raw foods like salads or anything that contains raw, uncooked vegetables and fruits. Coconut water is also useful to keep yourself hydrated. ORS is recommended. Also avoid foods from unhygienic places whose cleanliness cannot be guaranteed.
This disease is transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes albopictus mosquito. These mosquitoes breed in stagnated water and bite during bright daylight (like the dengue and malaria ones). Symptoms usually begin 3 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. The most common symptoms are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling or rash. Preventive measures are mentioned below. To read more about Chikungunya, click here.
A few recommended preventive measure to be followed for Dengue, Malaria and Chikungunya collectively are –
– As these diseases are transmitted via mosquitoes, the best way of protecting your child and yourself is by applying just 4 dots of Good knight Fabric Roll-On on your clothes before you step out. This is a 100% natural way of ensuring up to 8 hours of protection outdoors. Don’t let a tiny mosquito bite put the health of your entire family and yourself at risk.
– Wear full-sleeved clothing when out in the day.
– As the disease-bearing mosquito usually bites in the day, and breeds in clean, fresh water, any accumulation of water should be avoided.
– Sleeping under a mosquito bed net also helps.
Let’s put our best foot forward and take the necessary precautions to enjoy the monsoon to the fullest!