Birth Defects are deformities or defects that ail a newborn baby, which means that after being born, the baby’s organs or brain becomes malnourished or distorted. It happens with a lot of women, but due to lack of knowledge and awareness about it, they aren’t able to do anything about it.
Every pregnant woman should be aware of it so that if it’s possible for her to prevent it, she can take measures towards it.
1. Is it possible to prevent birth deficiency?
Although it is not possible to stop brain damage from happening, you might be able to take necessary precautions.
2. Take care of the baby in the womb
By taking daily vitamin supplements, especially Folic Acid, many types of birth defects can be avoided. A lot of birth defects happen due to lack of proper nutrition. Iron is a very essential component of your baby’s blood. For example, a condition called Spina Bifida in which the baby’s spine (spinal cord) fails to develop properly. This happens due to lack of folate.
3. Do all birth defects happen to the baby after their birth?
It is not always possible to determine whether a baby is going to be deformed when the baby is still in the womb. But some birth defects can be discovered by the best ultrasound.
The experts say that pregnant women should have an ultrasound scan between 11 and 14 weeks in the first trimester of pregnancy and between 18 and 20 weeks in their second trimester. These two ultrasound scans help us know physical malfunctions in the baby, if there are any. The disease called Down’s Syndrome is also known by the taking the mother’s blood test.
4. Can birth deficiencies be cured when the baby is in the womb?
This is possible for some birth defects. Birth defect affect important organs of the baby and hinder their development. Some organs may stop functioning altogether.
5. Some serious birth defects and their treatment:
i. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
Due to this physical malfunction, the contents of the stomach begin to move into the chest through a hole in the diaphragm. This prevents the development of lungs. Fetoscopic endotracheal occlusion is a specialized scientific process in which doctors clean the lungs through surgery and remove any kind of obstruction present in it. In this way, the chances of survival of children are increased.
ii. Obstruction in the lower part of the bladder
In this situation the urine is collected in the bladder and isn’t able to get out of the body. It can be very dangerous if urine is not let out of the body. This can lead to permanent malfunction of the kidneys.
iii. The baby’s heartbeats can be controlled and corrected even if it is less or less than normal, by giving appropriate medicines to the mother.
6. How successful is the treatment of the baby’s mother during pregnancy?
Prevention is better than cure, any day. That’s exactly why the child should be treated as soon as possible. So, if the mother’s ultrasound has diagnosed the infant with defects, treating the baby in her womb increases the baby’s chances of survival. Due to administering the cure in time, the disease does not become serious.
7. If the baby has undergone surgery in the womb, will s/he need more care after birth?
It depends on the baby’s health, actually. If the infant is recovering after surgery, then s/he can slowly recover and return to normal.
It is worth mentioning that even after the surgery, if the infant needs to be kept under the supervision of specialists, then you should ensure that the infant is in good hands, at a good hospital where prenatal and postnatal children get excellent treatment.
8. If your first child has a birth defect, then will your subsequent children also have defects?
No, It isn’t necessary that if a child is born with a birth defect, the subsequent ones will too. These depend on a lot of factors, including genetics. All we can suggest to you is to keep your doctor updated regularly. The scans during your pregnancy should tell you if there are any problems.
9. Is my baby the only one with birth defects?
Of course not! There are several children who are born with defects, and you’re not alone in your predicament. A small look at social media will tell you that there are other parents like you who also are worried about their baby. There are several online forums where you can post about your problems, find support and also answers to issues related to the baby’s birth defects.
This is very important information, and needs to be read by as many moms as possible. Share it as much as you can! 🙂